knots are really ornamental and seldom
serve to fasten two
ropes together, or to make any object
fast to another. They
however, very useful in many
ways, especially aboard ship, and
are so handsome
and interesting that every one
interested in rope work
a craft stand point should learn to make them.
follows is an excerpt from
simplest of the fancy knots is known as
the "Single Crown" (Fig. 110). To form this knot
unlay the strands of
a new, flexible rope for six to eight inches
and whip the ends of each
strand, as well as the standing part, to prevent further
Hold the rope in your left hand and fold one strand over and
away from you, as shown in A, Fig. 111. Then
fold the next strand over A (see B, Fig. 111), and
then, while holding these in place with
thumb and finger, pass the strand C over strand B,
and through the
bight of A as shown in the illustration
all ends tight and
work the bights up smooth and snug; cut off ends and the knot
complete. This single crown is a very poor knot to stand by
however, and is mainly valuable as a basis for other more
complicated knots and for ending up rope.
end up a rope with a crown it is merely necessary to leave
long and then by bringing them down tuck under the strands of
standing part, as shown in Fig. 112.
halve the strands and tuck again, as in
making a short splice, until the result appears as in Fig. 113. This
makes a neat, handy, and ship-shape finish to a rope's end and is very
useful for painters, halyards, etc. It will never work loose like a
seizing and is quickly put on at any time, whereas to make a seizing
one must be provided with small stuff of some sort, and this is
frequently not at hand.
Knot" (Fig. 114) is almost as
simple as the crown, and in fact is practically a crown
making this knot
bring C downward and across the standing part;
then bring A over C and around standing part and finally
bring B over A and up through bight of C, Fig. 115.
drawn snug the ends may be trimmed off close or they may
be tucked and tapered as in the crown and will then appear as
in the case of the crown knot, the wall is mainly of value
ending when ends are tucked, or as a basis for more ornamental
knots such as the "Wall and Crown," or "Double
Wall," or "Double Crown." It is also very
largely used in
making "Shroud Knots" (Fig.117).
common shroud knot is made by opening up the strands of
a rope's end as for a short splice and placing the two ends
in the same way. Then single "wall" the strands of
rope around the standing part of another against the lay,
and tuck and serve all with yarn or marline (Fig. 118).
"French Shroud Knot" is far neater and better, but is a
little harder to make. Open up the strands and place closely
as for the short splice; make a loop of strand A, pass the end
B through the bight of A, as at C, make a loop of strand D,
and pass the end of strand A through it as at D; then pass the end
of strand D through the bight of strand B and
one side is
the operation on the other side, draw all ends taut,
and taper and tuck the ends. The wholeshould then be served carefully
and the finished knot will appear as in Fig. 120.
Double wall and double
crown as well as thebeautiful double
wall-and-crown knots are made exactly like the single crown or wall
but instead oftrimming off or tucking the ends they are carriedaround a
second time following the lay of the first, as shown in Fig.
121, which shows the construction of a double crown at A, and a
double wall at B.
finished, the ends may be tucked or
and the two knots will look
like Figs. 122 and 123.
better effect is obtained by
a wall knot.
This is done by first making a single
wall knot and then by
bringing strand A up over the
top and laying B across A
and bringing C over B
the bight of A; a crown knot is
formed above the wall, as shown in
Figs. 124 and 125.
foundation of the most beautiful of
rope-end knots, known as the "Double Wall and Crown," or "Manrope
Knot," illustrated in Fig. 126. Make your single wall and crown it,
but leave the strands all slack; then pass the ends up and through the
bights of the slack single-wall knot and then push them alongside the
strands in the single crown; pushing them through the same bight in
the crown and downward through the walling. This may seem quite
difficult, but if you have learned the wall and crown you will find it
simple enough, for it is really merely "following" the strands of the
single wall and crown.
The result, if properly done, and ends drawn tight and
cut off closely, is surprising, and to the uninitiated most
perplexing, for if the ends are tapered and tucked through the
standing part of the ropes, as shown in Fig. 127, there will be no
sign of a beginning or ending to this knot. This is probably the most
useful of decorative knots and is largely used aboard ship for
finishing the ends of rope railings, the ends of man-ropes, for the
ends of yoke-lines and to form "stoppers" or "toggles"
to bucket handles, slings, etc.
in this way is illustrated in Figs.
128-130, which show how to make a handy topsail-halyard toggle from an
eye splice turned in a short piece of rope and finished with a double
wall and crown at the end. These toggles are very useful about small
boats, as they may be used as stops for furling sails, for slings
around gaffs or spars, for hoisting, and in a variety of other ways
which will at once suggest themselves to the boating man.
difficult of ending knots and one which
you should certainly
learn is the "Matthew Walker" (Fig. 131), also known as the "Stopper
Knot." To form this splendid knot, pass one strand around the
standing part of the rope and through its own bight, then pass B
underneath and through bight of A and through its own bight also;
next pass C underneath and around and through the bights
of A, B, and its own bight.
knot will now appear as in Fig. 132, but by
carefully hauling the ends around and working the bight taut a little
at a time the knot will assume the appearance shown in Fig. 133.
handsome and useful knot and is widely
used on ends of ropes
where they pass through holes, as for bucket handles, ropes for
trap-door handles, chest handles, etc. The knot is well adapted for
such purposes, as it is hard, close, and presents an almost flat
shoulder on its lower side.
"Turk's Head," Figs. 135 and 136, is a knot much used aboard
yachts and warships and is so handsome and ornamental that it is a
great favorite. It is used in ornamenting rigging, in forming
shoulders or rings on stays or ropes to hold other gear in place, to
ornament yoke lines, and for forming slip-collars on knife lanyards.
It is also used to form collars around stanchions or spars, and,
placed around a rope close beneath a man-rope knot, it gives a
beautiful finish. When made of small line sailors often use the Turk's
Head as a neckerchief fastener. Although so elaborate in effect, it is
really an easy knot to make, and while you may have difficulty in
getting it right at first a little patience and practice will enable
you to become proficient and capable of tying it rapidly and easily in
any place or position.
make a Turk's Head, have a smooth, round
stick, or other object, and some closely twisted or braided small
line. Pass two turns of the line around the rod, A, Fig. 135, from
left to right, and pass the upper bight down through the lower and
reeve the upper end down through it, as at B. Then pass the bight up
again and run the end over the lower bight and up between it and the
upper bight. Turn the upper bight again through the lower one and pass
the end over what is now the upper bight and between it and the
lower, C, Fig. 135.
work from left
to right, following the lay
of the knot (or, in other words, passing your long end alongside the
first end), D, Fig. 135, until a braid of two or more lays is
completed, as shown in Fig. 136. The Turk's Head may be drawn as tight
as desired around the rope, or rod, by working up the slack and
drawing all bights taut.
of the knot may be formed by
making the first part as described and then by slipping the knot to
the end of the rod; work one side tighter than the other until the
"Head" forms a complete cap, as shown in Fig. 137. This makes a
splendid finish for the ends of flagpoles, stanchions, etc.
that are to be
used as hand-lines,
railings, or in fact wherever a neat appearance counts, are usually
wormed, served, and parcelled. Worming consists in twisting a small
line into the grooves between the strands of rope, A, Fig. 138. This
fills up the grooves and makes the rope smooth and ready for serving
or parcelling. Parcelling consists in covering the rope already wormed
with a strip of canvas wound spirally around it with the edges
overlapping, B, Fig. 138. Serving is merely wrapping the rope with
spun yarn, marline, or other small stuff, C, Fig. 138. Although this
may all be done by hand, yet it can be accomplished far better by
using a "Serving Mallet," shown in D, Fig. 138. This instrument
enables you to work tighter and more evenly than by hand, but in
either case you must have the rope to be served stretched tightly
between two uprights.
rope is served without parcelling and
for ordinary purposes parcelling is not required. A variation of
serving is made by "half-hitch" work, as shown in Figs. 139-140.
This is very pretty when well done and is very easy to accomplish.
around the rope to be served, then another below it;
snug; take another half-hitch and so on until the object is covered
and the series of half-hitch knots forms a spiral twist, as shown in
the illustrations. Bottles, jugs, ropes, stanchions, fenders, and
numerous other articles may be covered with half-hitch work; and as
you become more expert you will be able to use several lines of
half-hitches at the same time.
braiding is also highly
ornamental and is easy and simple. The process is illustrated in Fig.
141, and consists in crossing the opposite strands across and past one
another, as shown in A, B, C, Fig 141.
Still more ornamental is the
"Crown-braid" which appears, when finished, as in Fig. 143. The
process of forming this braid is exactly like ordinary crowning and
does not require any description; it may be done with any number of
strands, but four or six are usually as many as the beginner cares to
handle at one time.
Artistic Ornament Book
Illuminating Text (New)